Chl Fluorescence & P700 Absorbance

Walz PAM fluorometers have contributed decisively to progress in photosynthesis research as well as plant eco and stress-physiology. PAM fluorometers are applied for measurements of photosynthetic parameters of plants in terrestial as well as aquatic environments.

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Gas Exchange

Gas exchange measurements rely on the basic principle that changes in CO2 and H20 concentrations are determined when air passes through a climate controlled chamber containing a plant sample

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